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This article is written like a tutorial. Please edit it to have more information and documentation instead of example code and step by step instructions.

Lua is a lightweight scripting language written in C.


You can download the source code from here:

You then need to modify src/Makefile (not the Makefile at the root).

Change the variable CC to your cross compiler, e.g.

CC = x86_64-elf-gcc -std=gnu99

Then depending on your OS's level of POSIX-ness, you may need to change the include and library directories.

The build will require a variety of C library functions. These are the ones I have in my OS, which seem to be enough to get it working. Although many of these are just stubs (e.g. time functions).

int isalnum(int c);
int iscntrl(int c);
int isgraph(int c);
int islower(int c);
int isprint(int c);
int ispunct(int c);
int isupper(int c);
int isxdigit(int c);
__attribute__((noreturn)) void abort();
double acos(double x);
double asin(double x);
double atan2(double y, double x);
double ceil(double x);
void clearerr(FILE *stream);
clock_t clock();
double cos(double x);
double cosh(double x);
double difftime(time_t t1, time_t t2);
void exit(int status);
double exp(double x);
int fclose(FILE *stream);
int feof(FILE *stream);
int ferror(FILE *stream);
int fflush(FILE *stream);
char *fgets(char *s, int size, FILE *stream);
double floor(double x);
double fmod(double x, double y);
FILE *fopen(const char *path, const char *mode);
int fprintf(FILE *stream, const char *format, ...);
int fputs(const char *s, FILE *stream);
size_t fread(void *ptr, size_t size, size_t nmemb, FILE *stream);
FILE *freopen(const char *path, const char *mode, FILE *stream);
double frexp(double x, int *exp);
int fseek(FILE *stream, long offset, int whence);
long ftell(FILE *stream);
size_t fwrite(const void *ptr, size_t size, size_t nmemb, FILE *stream);
int getc(FILE *stream);
struct tm *gmtime(const time_t *time);
double ldexp(double x, int exp);
struct tm *localtime(const time_t *time);
double log(double x);
double log10(double x);
double log2(double x);
time_t mktime(struct tm *tm);
double pow(double x, double y);
int remove(const char *path);
int rename(const char *oldPath, const char *newPath);
char *setlocale(int category, const char *locale);
int setvbuf(FILE *stream, char *buf, int mode, size_t size);
void (*signal(int sig, void (*func)(int)))(int);
double sin(double x);
double sinh(double x);
int snprintf(char *str, size_t size, const char *format, ...);
int sprintf(char *str, const char *format, ...);
int printf(const char *format, ...);
void srand(unsigned int seed);
int strcoll(const char *s1, const char *s2);
char *strerror(int errnum);
size_t strftime(char *s, size_t max, const char *format, const struct tm *tm);
char *strpbrk(const char *s, const char *accept);
double strtod(const char *nptr, char **endptr);
int system(const char *command);
double tan(double x);
double tanh(double x);
time_t time(time_t *tloc);
FILE *tmpfile();
char *tmpnam(char *s);
void *memset(void *s, int c, size_t n);
void *memcpy(void *dest, const void *src, size_t n);
size_t strlen(const char *s);
void *malloc(size_t size);
void *calloc(size_t num, size_t size);
void *memmove(void *dest, const void *src, size_t n);
void free(void *ptr);
void *realloc(void *ptr, size_t size);
double fabs(double x);
int abs(int n);
int ifloor(double x);
int iceil(double x);
double sqrt(double x);
char *getenv(const char *name);
int strcmp(const char *s1, const char *s2);
int strcasecmp(const char *s1, const char *s2);
int strncmp(const char *s1, const char *s2, size_t n);
int strncasecmp(const char *s1, const char *s2, size_t n);
int toupper(int c);
int tolower(int c);
char *strncpy(char *dest, const char *src, size_t n);
long int strtol(const char *nptr, char **endptr, int base);
unsigned long int strtoul(const char *nptr, char **endptr, int base);
char *strcat(char *dest, const char *src);
char *strsep(char **stringp, const char *delim);
char *strstr(const char *haystack, const char *needle);
char *strrchr(const char *s, int c);
void qsort(void *base, size_t nmemb, size_t size, int (*compar)(const void *, const void *));
char *strcpy(char *dest, const char *src);
char *stpcpy(char *dest, const char *src);
char *strchr(const char *s, int c);
size_t strnlen(const char *s, size_t maxlen);
size_t strspn(const char *s, const char *accept);
size_t strcspn(const char *s, const char *reject);
int memcmp(const void *s1, const void *s2, size_t n);
void *memchr(const void *s, int c, size_t n);
int isspace(int c);
int isalpha(int c);
int isdigit(int c);
struct lconv *localeconv();
int rand();
int ungetc(int c, FILE *stream);

Finally, to build it, from the root folder (not in the src folder), run the following command:

make generic

And a `lua` executable will appear in the source folder!

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