Scalable Screen Font
Scalable Screen Font is a compressed font format which comes with a small, free, MIT licensed rendering library. It was designed specially for hobby OS developers, therefore it has minimal dependencies. It is also floating-point arithmetic free, so it will work even if your kernel hasn't initialized the FPU or SSE yet.
Supported Font Types
- Bitmap - you can convert PC Screen Font with UNICODE table into SSFN directly. X11 Bitmap Distribution Format, Portable Compiled Fonts and Windows FNT/FON files are also supported.
- Pixmap - to have colorful emoji icons, you can convert TGA and PNG files into SSFN fonts.
- Vector - vector based fonts can be converted from PostScript Type1, OpenType and TrueType fonts.
Fonts are compressed, and in case of vector fonts, with a data-loss compression. With a typical OpenType file, the SSFN font usually takes only the half the file size (or less).
The SSFN package comes with a single ANSI C/C++ header file, which has two renderers. The header contains everything, no shared library nor static linking needed. They are compatible with both VESA and GOP framebuffers.
Designed specially for OS consoles, has only one function. It can render unscaled bitmap fonts directly to the framebuffer. Has absolutely no dependencies, and compiles to less than two kilobytes of code.
#define SSFN_CONSOLEBITMAP_TRUECOLOR /* use the special renderer for 32 bit truecolor packed pixels */ #include <ssfn.h> /* set up context by global variables */ ssfn_src = &_binary_console_sfn_start; /* the bitmap font to use */ ssfn_dst.ptr = 0xE0000000; /* framebuffer address and bytes per line */ ssfn_dst.p = 4096; ssfn_dst.fg = 0xFFFFFFFF; /* colors, white on black */ ssfn_dst.bg = 0; ssfn_dst.x = 100; /* coordinates to draw to */ ssfn_dst.y = 200; /* render text directly to the screen and then adjust ssfn_dst.x and ssfn_dst.y */ ssfn_putc('H'); ssfn_putc('e'); ssfn_putc('l'); ssfn_putc('l'); ssfn_putc('o');
There's another for user space applications. This one can render all three types of fonts, supports gzip compressed fonts, it can scale, anti-alias and kern glyphs. Has minimal libc dependencies (memset, memcmp, realloc, free) and compiles to about 28 kilobytes of code. (Just for completeness, you can compile it in total dependency-free mode if you define SSFN_MAXLINES, but then there'll be no internal glyph cache and you must provide inflated fonts only to ssfn_load().)
#define SSFN_IMPLEMENTATION /* use the normal renderer implementation */ #include <ssfn.h> ssfn_t ctx; /* the renderer context */ ssfn_buf_t buf; /* the destination pixel buffer */ /* you don't need to initialize the library, just make sure the context is zerod out */ memset(&ctx, 0, sizeof(ssfn_t)); /* add one or more fonts to the context. Fonts must be already in memory */ ssfn_load(&ctx, &_binary_times_sfn_start); /* you can add different styles... */ ssfn_load(&ctx, &_binary_timesbold_sfn_start); ssfn_load(&ctx, &_binary_timesitalic_sfn_start); ssfn_load(&ctx, &_binary_emoji_sfn_start); /* ...or different UNICODE ranges */ ssfn_load(&ctx, &_binary_cjk_sfn_start); /* select the typeface to use */ ssfn_select(&ctx, SSFN_FAMILY_SERIF, NULL, /* family */ SSFN_STYLE_REGULAR | SSFN_STYLE_UNDERLINE, /* style */ 64 /* size */ ); /* describe the destination buffer. Could be a 32 bit linear framebuffer as well */ buf.ptr = sdlsurface->pixels; /* address of the buffer */ buf.w = sdlsurface->w; /* width */ buf.h = sdlsurface->h; /* height */ buf.p = sdlsurface->pitch; /* bytes per line */ buf.x = buf.y = 100; /* pen position */ buf.fg = 0xFF808080; /* foreground color */ /* rasterize the first glyph in an UTF-8 string into a 32 bit packed pixel buffer. Returns how many bytes were consumed from the string */ ssfn_render(&ctx, &buf, "Hello"); ssfn_render(&ctx, &buf, "ello"); ssfn_render(&ctx, &buf, "llo"); /* assuming there's a ligature for "ll" in the font */ ssfn_render(&ctx, &buf, "o"); /* free resources */ ssfn_free(&ctx); /* free the renderer context's internal buffers */
The renderer takes care of the font direction, it uses horizontal or vertical alignment automatically. It cannot determine right-to-left though, for that you'll need a minimal BiDi state machine too. That has to be implemented in the text renderer (or text shaping library) that's built on top of the low level rasterizer. The algorithm to properly display bidirectional texts is specified by UNICODE. But once you have decided that you need to draw a glyph in right-to-left direction, just pass SSFN_STYLE_RTL to ssfn_select().